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Regulations

State Of Rhode Island – Division of Taxation

Personal Income Tax

Regulation PIT 03-22

 

Net Operating Loss Limitation

 

RIGL 44-30-87.1 places a limitation on refunds or credits resulting from net operating loss deductions.

Under Rhode Island law, a net operating loss deduction shall be allowed which shall be the same as the net operating loss deduction allowed under section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code [26 U.S.C.], except that (1) any net operating loss included in determining such deduction shall be adjusted to reflect the modifications increasing and decreasing adjusted gross income required by sections 44-30-12 and 44-30-32; (2) such deduction shall not include any net operating loss sustained during any taxable year beginning in which the taxpayer was not subject to the tax imposed by this chapter; and (3) such deduction shall not exceed the deduction for the taxable year allowable under section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code [26 U.S.C.], provided, however, notwithstanding any other provision of law such deduction for a taxable year may not be carried back to any other taxable year for Rhode Island purposes but shall only be allowable on a carry forward basis for the number of succeeding taxable years allowed under section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code [26 U.S.C.].

Examples of the three (3) exceptions/limitations noted above are as follows:

(1). Any net operating loss included in determining such deduction shall be adjusted to reflect the modifications increasing and decreasing adjusted gross income as required by sections 44-30-12 and 44-30-32. Examples of the modifications would be interest on US government obligations taxable on the federal level but exempt from state taxation or interest on non Rhode Island municipal bonds exempt from federal taxation but taxable on the state level.

(2) A loss sustained in a year prior to becoming a Rhode Island resident and being carried forward for federal purposes will not be allowed for Rhode Island purposes. An example of this limitation would be an instance where a Massachusetts resident sustains a net operating loss, which is carried forward for federal purposes and in a subsequent year, changes his residence to Rhode Island. Such a loss would not be allowed for Rhode Island purposes.

(3) A net operating loss deduction, for Rhode Island purposes, cannot exceed the deduction for the taxable year allowable under section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code [26 U.S.C.], provided, however, notwithstanding any other provision of law such deduction for a taxable year may not be carried back to any other taxable year for Rhode Island purposes. An example of this limitation would be an instance where a Rhode Island resident sustains a net operating loss and for federal purposes the allowable deduction is utilized in full by being carried back to a prior year. For Rhode Island purposes, no deduction is allowed for net loss carry back. Further, since the Rhode Island net operating loss deduction cannot exceed the federal net operating loss carry forward in this instance, there is no Rhode Island net operating loss carry forward allowed in subsequent years.

 

R. GARY CLARK
TAX ADMINISTRATOR

EFFECTIVE: JANUARY 1, 2003